Static Generator
Note
Static generators should always have a positive p_mw value, since all power values are given in the generator convention. If you want to model constant power consumption, it is recommended to use a load element instead of a static generator with negative active power value. If you want to model a voltage controlled generator, use the generator element.
See also
Create Function
 pandapower.create_sgen(net, bus, p_mw, q_mvar=0, sn_mva=nan, name=None, index=None, scaling=1.0, type='wye', in_service=True, max_p_mw=nan, min_p_mw=nan, max_q_mvar=nan, min_q_mvar=nan, controllable=nan, k=nan, rx=nan, current_source=True, generator_type=None, max_ik_ka=nan, kappa=nan, lrc_pu=nan, **kwargs)
Adds one static generator in table net[“sgen”].
Static generators are modelled as positive and constant PQ power. This element is used to model generators with a constant active and reactive power feedin. If you want to model a voltage controlled generator, use the generator element instead.
gen, sgen and ext_grid in the grid are modelled in the generator system! If you want to model the generation of power, you have to assign a positive active power to the generator. Please pay attention to the correct signing of the reactive power as well (positive for injection and negative for consumption).
 INPUT:
net  The net within this static generator should be created
bus (int)  The bus id to which the static generator is connected
p_mw (float)  The active power of the static generator (positive for generation!)
 OPTIONAL:
q_mvar (float, 0)  The reactive power of the sgen
sn_mva (float, None)  Nominal power of the sgen
name (string, None)  The name for this sgen
index (int, None)  Force a specified ID if it is available. If None, the index one higher than the highest already existing index is selected.
scaling (float, 1.)  An OPTIONAL scaling factor to be set customly. Multiplys with p_mw and q_mvar.
type (string, None)  Three phase Connection type of the static generator: wye/delta
in_service (boolean)  True for in_service or False for out of service
max_p_mw (float, NaN)  Maximum active power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
min_p_mw (float, NaN)  Minimum active power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
max_q_mvar (float, NaN)  Maximum reactive power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
min_q_mvar (float, NaN)  Minimum reactive power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
controllable (bool, NaN)  Whether this generator is controllable by the optimal powerflow; defaults to False if “controllable” column exists in DataFrame
k (float, NaN)  Ratio of short circuit current to nominal current
rx (float, NaN)  R/X ratio for short circuit impedance. Only relevant if type is specified as motor so that sgen is treated as asynchronous motor. Relevant for shortcircuit calculation for all generator types
generator_type (str, “None”)  can be one of “current_source” (full size converter), “async” (asynchronous generator), or “async_doubly_fed” (doubly fed asynchronous generator, DFIG). Represents the type of the static generator in the context of the shortcircuit calculations of wind power station units. If None, other shortcircuitrelated parameters are not set
lrc_pu (float, nan)  locked rotor current in relation to the rated generator current. Relevant if the generator_type is “async”.
max_ik_ka (float, nan)  the highest instantaneous shortcircuit value in case of a threephase shortcircuit (provided by the manufacturer). Relevant if the generator_type is “async_doubly_fed”.
 kappa (float, nan)  the factor for the calculation of the peak shortcircuit current, referred to the highvoltage side (provided by the manufacturer). Relevant if the generator_type is “async_doubly_fed”.
If the superposition method is used (use_pre_fault_voltage=True), this parameter is used to pass through the max. current limit of the machine in p.u.
current_source (bool, True)  Model this sgen as a current source during short circuit calculations; useful in some cases, for example the simulation of full size converters per IEC 609090:2016.
 OUTPUT:
index (int)  The unique ID of the created sgen
 EXAMPLE:
create_sgen(net, 1, p_mw = 120)
 pandapower.create_sgen_from_cosphi(net, bus, sn_mva, cos_phi, mode, **kwargs)
Creates an sgen element from rated power and power factor cos(phi).
 INPUT:
net  The net within this static generator should be created
bus (int)  The bus id to which the static generator is connected
sn_mva (float)  rated power of the generator
cos_phi (float)  power factor cos_phi
mode (str)  “underexcited” (Q absorption, decreases voltage) or “overexcited” (Q injection, increases voltage)
 OUTPUT:
index (int)  The unique ID of the created sgen
gen, sgen, and ext_grid are modelled in the generator point of view. Active power will therefore be postive for generation, and reactive power will be negative for underexcited behavior (Q absorption, decreases voltage) and positive for for overexcited behavior (Q injection, increases voltage).
Input Parameters
net.sgen
Parameter 
Datatype 
Value Range 
Explanation 
name 
string 
name of the static generator 

type 
string 
naming conventions:
“PV”  photovoltaic system
“WP”  wind power system
“CHP”  combined heating and power system

type of generator 
bus* 
integer 
index of connected bus 

p_mw* 
float 
\(\leq\) 0 
active power of the static generator [MW] 
q_mvar* 
float 
reactive power of the static generator [MVar] 

sn_mva 
float 
\(>\) 0 
rated power ot the static generator [MVA] 
scaling* 
float 
\(\geq\) 0 
scaling factor for the active and reactive power 
max_p_mw** 
float 
Maximum active power [MW] 

min_p_mw** 
float 
Minimum active power [MW] 

max_q_mvar** 
float 
Maximum reactive power [MVar] 

min_q_mvar** 
float 
Minimum reactive power [MVar] 

controllable** 
bool 
States if sgen is controllable or not, sgen will not be used as a flexibilty if it is not controllable 

k*** 
float 
\(\geq\) 0 
Ratio of short circuit current to nominal current 
rx*** 
float 
\(\geq\) 0 
R/X ratio for short circuit impedance. Only relevant if type is specified as motor so that sgen is treated as asynchronous motor 
in_service* 
boolean 
True / False 
specifies if the generator is in service. 
*necessary for executing a power flow calculation
**optimal power flow parameter
Electric Model
Static Generators are modelled as PQbuses in the power flow calculation:
The PQValues are calculated from the parameter table values as:
Note
The apparent power value sn_mva is provided as additional information for usage in controller or other applications based on panadapower. It is not considered in the power flow!
Result Parameters
net.res_sgen
Parameter 
Datatype 
Explanation 
p_mw 
float 
resulting active power demand after scaling [MW] 
q_mvar 
float 
resulting reactive power demand after scaling [MVar] 
The power values in the net.res_sgen table are equivalent to \(P_{sgen}\) and \(Q_{sgen}\).