Static Generator¶
See also
Create Function¶

pandapower.
create_sgen
(net, bus, p_kw, q_kvar=0, sn_kva=nan, name=None, index=None, scaling=1., type=None, in_service=True, max_p_kw=nan, min_p_kw=nan, max_q_kvar=nan, min_q_kvar=nan, controllable=nan, k=nan, rx=nan)¶ Adds one static generator in table net[“sgen”].
Static generators are modelled as negative PQ loads. This element is used to model generators with a constant active and reactive power feedin. If you want to model a voltage controlled generator, use the generator element instead.
All elements in the grid are modelled in the consumer system, including generators! If you want to model the generation of power, you have to assign a negative active power to the generator. Please pay attention to the correct signing of the reactive power as well.
 INPUT:
net  The net within this static generator should be created
bus (int)  The bus id to which the static generator is connected
p_kw (float)  The real power of the static generator (negative for generation!)
OPTIONAL:
q_kvar (float, default 0)  The reactive power of the sgen
sn_kva (float, default None)  Nominal power of the sgen
name (string, default None)  The name for this sgen
index (int, None)  Force a specified ID if it is available. If None, the index one higher than the highest already existing index is selected.
scaling (float, 1.)  An OPTIONAL scaling factor to be set customly
type (string, None)  type variable to classify the static generator
in_service (boolean)  True for in_service or False for out of service
max_p_kw (float, NaN)  Maximum active power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
min_p_kw (float, NaN)  Minimum active power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
max_q_kvar (float, NaN)  Maximum reactive power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
min_q_kvar (float, NaN)  Minimum reactive power injection  necessary for controllable sgens in OPF
controllable (bool, NaN)  Whether this generator is controllable by the optimal powerflow
k (float, NaN)  Ratio of nominal current to short circuit current
rx (float, NaN)  R/X ratio for short circuit impedance. Only relevant if type is specified as motor so that sgen is treated as asynchronous motor
 OUTPUT:
 index (int)  The unique ID of the created sgen
 EXAMPLE:
 create_sgen(net, 1, p_kw = 120)

pandapower.
create_sgen_from_cosphi
(net, bus, sn_kva, cos_phi, mode, **kwargs)¶ Creates an sgen element from rated power and power factor cos(phi).
 INPUT:
net  The net within this static generator should be created
bus (int)  The bus id to which the static generator is connected
sn_kva (float)  rated power of the generator
cos_phi (float)  power factor cos_phi
mode (str)  “ind” for inductive or “cap” for capacitive behaviour
 OUTPUT:
 index (int)  The unique ID of the created sgen
All elements including generators are modeled from a consumer point of view. Active power will therefore always be negative, reactive power will be negative for inductive behaviour and positive for capacitive behaviour.
Input Parameters¶
net.sgen
Parameter  Datatype  Value Range  Explanation 
name  string  name of the static generator  
type  string  naming conventions:
“PV”  photovoltaic system
“WP”  wind power system
“CHP”  combined heating and power system

type of generator 
bus*  integer  index of connected bus  
p_kw*  float  \(\leq\) 0  active power of the static generator [kW] 
q_kvar*  float  reactive power of the static generator [kVar]  
sn_kva  float  \(>\) 0  rated power ot the static generator [kVA] 
scaling*  float  \(\geq\) 0  scaling factor for the active and reactive power 
max_p_kw**  float  Maximum active power  
min_p_kw**  float  Minimum active power  
max_q_kvar**  float  Maximum reactive power  
min_q_kvar**  float  Minimum reactive power  
controllable**  bool  States if sgen is controllable or not, sgen will not be used as a flexibilty if it is not controllable  
k***  float  \(\geq\) 0  Ratio of nominal current to short circuit current 
rx***  float  \(\geq\) 0  R/X ratio for short circuit impedance. Only relevant if type is specified as motor so that sgen is treated as asynchronous motor 
in_service*  boolean  True / False  specifies if the generator is in service. 
*necessary for executing a power flow calculation
**optimal power flow parameter
Electric Model¶
Static Generators are modelled as PQbuses in the power flow calculation:
The PQValues are calculated from the parameter table values as:
Note
Static generators should always have a negative p_kw value, since all power values are given in the consumer system. If you want to model constant power consumption, please use the load element instead of a static generator with positive active power value. If you want to model a voltage controlled generator, use the generator element.
Note
The apparent power value sn_kva is provided as additional information for usage in controller or other applications based on panadapower. It is not considered in the power flow!
Result Parameters¶
net.res_sgen
Parameter  Datatype  Explanation 
p_kw  float  resulting active power demand after scaling [kW] 
q_kvar  float  resulting reactive power demand after scaling [kVar] 
The power values in the net.res_sgen table are equivalent to \(P_{sgen}\) and \(Q_{sgen}\).